Mary Lyrio


marydauto@yahoo.com.br
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SKIN TYPES AND SPECIAL CARE

22/12/2015 01:29

Continuing the series prerequisites for a perfect makeup, today I will speak of the skin. Knowing the type, features and how to care for your skin is essential in makeup. Click on the link:  SERIES OF PREREQUISITE FOR MAKE UP PERFECT

The best makeup products may not result in a perfect makeup if:

- The skin is not properly cared for;

- The products are not suitable for the skin type;

- The application is incorrect.

 

SKIN: DEFINITION, COMPOSITION AND FUNCTION

 

 

The skin is the largest organ of the human body and performs essential functions for our survival, such as blood flow control, temperature regulation, protection against external threats and sensory functions (heat, cold, pressure, pain and touch).

The human skin consists of three layers which perform different functions. These layers: the epidermis, the dermis and hypodermis.

1 - EPIDERMIS

It is the first skin layer. Its function is to protect the body against external damage and prevent water outlet. The epidermis consists of a plurality of cell layers. Among them: keratinocytes and melanocytes.

- Keratinocytes - produce keratin, which is resistant protein, which has the waterproof function and protect the organism from the aggressions of the external environment.

- Melanocytes - produce melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin.

To better understand the undertone color and skin, click here:TONE AND SKIN UNDERTONE

1.1 - ANNEXES CELLULAR

They arise in the epidermis layer. They are: nails, hair, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.

- The nails

 

Are formed by keratin and have the function to protect the ends of the fingers (hand and foot).

- The hairs

They are almost everywhere in the body except on the palm and foot. The main function of hair is to protect the skin. How for example, the hair protect the scalp of solar radiation.

- The sweat glands

Produce sweat, which helps regulate body temperature and elimination of toxins.

- The sebaceous glands

They produce sebum, which is responsible for sealing and lubricating the skin.

2 - DERMIS

 

It is the second skin layer, and is composed of connective tissue, which comprises a network of collagen and elastin fibers that provide strength and elasticity to the skin. It also contains blood vessels and nerve endings. The main functions are: tensile strength, nutrition of the dermis and epidermis, and temperature regulation.

3 - HYPODERMIS

It is the deepest layer, and is formed by connective tissue and fat. The main function is to store fat (energy reserves). The provision in fat is different between the sexes: in men they accumulate more around the abdomen; already in women they accumulate more around the hips and breasts.

It also ensures fixing of organs and protects and absorbs some of the force of a physical impact.

 

SPECIAL CARE AND SKIN TYPES

Every woman wants to stay young and beautiful for life, but time inexorably reflects on the skin, showing that this is not possible. So, we can not prevent this natural process, but we can try to slow it down.

To learn how to skin care, it is essential to know what type of skin, for every skin needs specific care, with appropriate products.

Typically, the skin is classified into four types - normal, dry, oily and combination.

The easiest way to determine your skin type is, immediately after morning awakening, take an absorbent paper towel and cover the entire face giving a lightweight pressed.

If the napkin leaving fat traces - the skin is oily. If fats stains appear only in some places (forehead, nose and chin) - the skin is mixed.

If the napkin was dry - the skin is normal or dry.

To distinguish normal skin dry, you should wash with cold water and cleansing lotion, do not use bar soap. After drying with a soft towel wait 20 minutes. If the skin present a rough appearance without viçosidade, it is dry.

1 - SKIN TYPES

1.1 - NORMAL SKIN

'Normal' is a widely used term to refer to a balanced skin with hydro-lipid balance. It has velvety texture and healthy, with good elasticity, fine pores, is not very prone to acne and machas.

1.2 - DRY SKIN

The loss of excess water is a feature of dry skin, which normally has few pores and little visible light.

It has an opaque shade (no glare), is characterized by low fat content. Moreover, it can be rough and often display red spots. Wrinkles appear earlier, especially in the eye area.

1.3 - OILY SKIN

It is a dense, thick skin with a glossy or greasy appearance due to excess sebum produced by the sebaceous glands. The pores are well dilated, sometimes blocked by black dots. It is prone to acne and has a lower tendency to the appearance of wrinkles and expression lines.

1.4 - COMBINED SKIN

Usually have large pores on the nose, forehead and chin, and a more intense oiliness in these areas (T-zone) and slight tendency to form blackheads. On the cheeks and around the eyes, the skin appears a bit drier. It is a type of skin easily peels off with cold and may have some more nails in oily areas of the face.

The mixed skin is more common to find.

NOTE:

- SENSITIVE SKIN

It is not a specific type of skin, but rather a condition that can occur temporarily or permanently, in any type of skin, most frequently in dry skin.

Most of the time, is dry and thin, has little fat and is very sensitive to any adverse factors - heat, cold, strong winds, ultraviolet radiation, dust and other irritants. May have flaking and redness.

2 - SKIN CARE

We recommend at least 3 times a year, is made an appointment with a dermatologist to assess the health of the skin. Avoid home remedies as they may cause problems.

2.1 - DAILY CARE FOR ALL SKIN TYPES

- FIRST STEP: CLEANING

To clean the skin you should wash it at room temperature with water, using cleansing gel, cleansing lotion based on milk or soap.

Cleaning should be done morning and night.

In the morning, after cleaning, soak the face in a bowl with water and ice cubes, this thermal shock, closes the pores reducing the oiliness, leaving skin fresher. Also leaves the skin firmer subsequently avoiding sagging. This procedure is not recommended for people with rosacea.

Do not forget to clean the neck, as this area requires more care than the face area because the signs of time are presented first in this area.

- STEP TWO: TONING

The toning complete cleaning by removing dead cells.

In addition, it restores the skin's natural pH, refreshing and smoothing the same, preparing it for hydration.

The toning must be done preferably in the evening.

- STEP THREE: HYDRATION 

Daily moisturizer is necessary because proper hydration helps maintain the freshness and beauty of the skin, in addition to maintaining the integrity of the skin layer of protection and avoid problems such as peeling, dryness, premature aging, irritations and infections.

If you wear makeup after cleaning, replace the hydrant, the primer makeup.

Some people think that oily skin should not be hydrated, but that's a big mistake. For oily skin is not synonymous with skin hydrated. Such a skin also requires hydration, but the moisturizer should be water-based and oil-free.

However, hydration may not only be an external process, one should also moisturize the body on the inside with a daily intake of at least two liters of water.

There are also other measures that aid in hydration: avoid excessive sun exposure; have healthy and balanced diet; avoid very hot and long baths and; avoid making excessive scrubs the skin.

2.2 - SPECIAL CARE

- NORMAL SKIN

Normal skin requires less care compared to other types of skin, but does not mean that care should be overlooked.

In this type of skin you can use soap, gel or cleansing lotion. However, it is recommended to use the soap not more than 3 times per week, once, some types of soap can reduce the acidity of the skin.

At every 15 days, apply a nourishing mask once a month and make an exfoliation.

- DRY SKIN

Do not use soap to wash, prefer the cleansing gel and cleansing lotion milk-based. The latter preferably in the evening.

This type of skin requires much care because it tends to age earlier. Then at age 18 in addition to the daily routine care, use nourishing creams for skin and for a specific eye area once a week, and from 25 years to do it daily.

Make every 15 days skin exfoliation with gentle exfoliating.

- OILY SKIN OR MIXED.

Use cleansing gel or special soaps for this skin type. Do not use products containing alcohol in their formulation. For the first time, alcohol promotes dryness of the skin, reducing the oiliness. But then, it stimulates the sebaceous glands, causing an increase in oil.

Twice a week, make a scrub and apply a grease control mask.

 
 

SOME FREQUENT PROBLEMS FACE SKIN

- ACNE

It is a problem of genetic predisposition whose manifestations depend on the presence of sexual hormones. For this reason, the lesions appear during adolescence. But it is not just a problem teenagers, it can persist or arise in adulthood.

The manifestations of the disease (blackheads and whiteheads) occur due to the increased sebaceous secretion associated with narrowing and obstruction of the pilosebaceous follicle opening, giving rise to open comedones, which are black or white carnations. These conditions also favor infection with microorganisms causing pustules inflammation - the pimples

- ROSACEA

It is a skin condition of unknown cause, characterized by red spots, especially on the cheeks, nose and chin.

- WART

It is a benign tumor caused by papilloma virus (HPV), which reaches the skin, causing excessive growth thereof formed wart.

- DERMATITIS OR CONTACT ALLERGY

It is caused by irritation that may lead to an inflammation as a result of contact with a substance to which the person is allergic. Hence the importance of getting tested in the arm with every product before applying them in the face. 

 
 

RECOMENDADAÇÕES FINAIS

Even existing the classification of skin types, each person is unique, and each skin can also have unique features. Therefore, in addition to theoretical knowledge, it is very important that the makeup professionals (or even those who are self-makeup) have caution perform practical tests and give value to information provided by people who will receive the makeup

It is essential to talk to the person who will receive the makeup, and inquire about their personal experience in the use of makeup products. Furthermore, it is important to pay attention to skin problems, allergies or hypersensitivity to certain areas (mainly eyes).

Practical tests for interaction skin / makeup gain even greater importance in people (as opposed to actresses and models) that do not have extensive experience in the use of makeup, and special social events (where there is no head to cut and repeat the scene any problems occur).

Even a tested product in an area may react differently on another. And even if the person has already used the same product, adverse reactions may occur as a result of product contamination or organic changes.

For some situations, it is no exaggeration to trace a contingency plan that includes not only the need to touch up her makeup, as well as an urgent need to replace it or remove it.

Even existing the classification of skin types, each person is unique, and each skin can also have unique features. Therefore, in addition to theoretical knowledge, it is very important that the makeup professionals (or even those who are self-makeup) have caution perform practical tests and give value to information provided by people who will receive the makeup

It is essential to talk to the person who will receive the makeup, and inquire about their personal experience in the use of makeup products. Furthermore, it is important to pay attention to skin problems, allergies or hypersensitivity to certain areas (mainly eyes).

Practical tests for interaction skin / makeup gain even greater importance in people (as opposed to actresses and models) that do not have extensive experience in the use of makeup, and special social events (where there is no head to cut and repeat the scene any problems occur).

Even a tested product in an area may react differently on another. And even if the person has already used the same product, adverse reactions may occur as a result of product contamination or organic changes.

For some situations, it is no exaggeration to trace a contingency plan that includes not only the need to touch up her makeup, as well as an urgent need to replace it or remove it.

It is customary to associate the different consistency of the products to different skin types. As some examples, which I quoted in the concealer and foundation texts. However, there are many divergence from these associations, which a lot of times generate great controversy. For this reason, it did not make statements of produtoa for skin types.