The 50s was a time of growth and prosperity. The end of rationing paved the way for new products. And consumers have more money to spend.
The rock-in-roll occupied the center of the stage, and big names like Fats Domino, Little Richard and Elvis Presley quickly rose to fame.
Television broadcasts had returned to the UK after a total suspension during World War II. In the early 50s most of the country already had TV signal, thanks to the post-war effort and the transmission of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth in 1953,
In the United States, millions of families already had a TV set. In Brazil, were the first devices emerging in the richest families.
At that time television was still in black and white but in the cinema had films in color.
Quickly, watching TV has become a popular pastime for all families and variety shows brought new ideas and influence to the masses.
Movie stars as Grace Kelly, Marilyn Monroe, Doris Day, Brigitte Bardot, Sophia Loren, Elizabeth Taylor, Audrey Hepburn, Gina Lollombrigida and Natalie Wood. who made the famous film Youth erring in 1955, caused great influence on women.
Audrey Hepburn Marilyn Monroe
Doris Day Natalie Wood
Gina Lollombrigida Elizabeth Taylor
Grace Kelly Brigitte Bardot
Fashion hairstyles for men and women was influenced by Hollywood stars and artists of the music of the time. Elvis Presley and James Dean were responsible for the tuft male high style. Another variation of this style was the "cut duck butt", which had been developed in the late 40s by Joe Hairstylists Cerello
Elvis, topete alto James Dean
Cut duck butt
In the 50s, there were various models of hairstyles for women. The size ranged from short to medium. One of the great Hairstylists the time was the French Alexandre, known in Hollywood as Alexandre de Paris. He created the hairstyle artichoke used by Grace Kelly and Elizabeth Taiyor., Who was the chin-length hair and cute curls. Another style, very used was the "elfin cut" or Italian court, which was very short and curly hair, much used by Italian actress Gina Lollombrígida. In the middle of the decade, the widely used style was the "pixie cut" that was one tomboy style cut very used by actress Audrey Hepburn. For the ladies with a little more age the most used style was cut short fringe, popularized by the 1st US Lady, Mamie Eisenhower. And at the end of the decade, Alexandre de Paris created cutting hive, which had its peak in the next decade and was widely used by Brigitti Bardot. (Amy Winehouse souvenirs)
For teens fashion was the high ponytail, tied with scarves or satin ribbon.
Ponytail hairstyle Brigitte Bardot
Hairstyle artichoke, Elizabeth Taylor
Elf cut Gina lollobrigida
Pixie cut. Audrey Hepburn
Short fringe cut, Mamie Eisenhower
The garments of women in the 50 varied widely, the "New Look", coined by Christian Dior in the late 40's dresses rotated sheathed at the time of calf and belt marking the waist. The fabric was flat, printed in poá or floral. Necklines with ornaments also came into vogue.
The cosmetic companies have begun to realize this new audience and new products were manufactured as creams for acne treatments and facials. And the makeup has also become more affordable.
Magazine editors have also realized this and launched public specialized publications in this segment.
That was the time when women were charged more to stay beautiful and clean, both at home doing their chores, and outside the home.
The 50s was the golden era of makeup products. New products have come up with a color palette much more diverse than previous decades.
Max Factor, Jr., was still the market leader, but new brands have emerged as Westmore, Revlon, Coty and Yardley.
The luxury cosmetics market led by fierce opponents Helena Rubinstein and Elizabeth Arden has grown
In 1950 the foundation began to have lighter and less dense consistency. They began to emerge the liquid bases.
One of the products most launched by several companies at this time was lipstick and pink and red colors were the most popular.
1950 - Helena Rubinstein launches Silken Lipistick - lipstick with silk powder.
- Max Factor launches line Cleansing for women.
- Revlon - Launches Touch-and-Glow liquid makeup - liquid foundation golden glow in 7 shades
- Westmore Family Hollywood launches makeup line, with 3 products,
1951 - Ester Lauder launches a limited collection of lipstick and rouge cream called madmen = Mad Men.
- Max Factor lança: Signature toiletry for men, a linha de produtos de higiene masculina,
1952 - Max Factor launches Color Fast lipstick- quick lip color in various shades.
- Westmore Family launches liquid makeup and lipstick
1953 - Max Factor launches: Cream Puff - First foundation and powder in one product in 7 colors and Invisible Foundation
- Helena Rubinstein launches STAY-LONG - with lipstick slogan of longer duration in the world.
1954 - Max Factor launches erace -first commercial concealer in 4 colors (Medium, Deep Natural, Tan and Deep Tan).
- Westmore Family launches Hollywood Close-up perfection - complexion beauty, perfect skin, composed of liquid makeup (liquid foundation), powder makeup cream (foundation and powder) and lipstick.
- Coty launches - Coty Air Spun powder - fine loose powder that promises to hide fine lines and blemishes.
1955 - Max Factor launches HI FU makeup, liquid makeup for the evening Trusted tones the skin tone. It was like a liquid foundation. And HI Fi lipstick in two shades, red and fashion pink fashion.
- Elizabeth Arden launches Pure Red Lipstick in shade.
- Yardley launches lipstick refill, compact and dust finisher.
- Eylury launches case with a pair of false eyelashes and glue.
1956 - Helena Rubinstein launches waterproof lipstick
1957 - Coty launches lipstick 24hrs
- Max Factor and Helena Rubinstein launched the mask tube lashes and brush in brown and black colors.
- Elizabeth Arden launches collections lipstick, rouge and enamel Pink Violet and Pink Arden
1959 - Max Factor launches lipstick collection Hi society
CHARACTERISTICS OF MAKEUP
Lips - lipstick was on the rise and were released several models in intense colors. The lipstick was applied following the contour of the lips. The most used colors were red and pink.
Lip Pencil - was used to define the outline of the lips and, when they did not have the symmetrical outline, this correction was made with the pencil.
Foundation - The woman of 50 years had the option of using the base and / or face powder.
Clearer and more natural tones were available. The consistency was liquid, cream or compact.
Concealer - For the first time women were using concealer, was once a film makeup, to fix blemishes and imperfections. It was shaped bat with consistency a little dense. Typically it was applied before the base and / or powder.
Rouge - How to apply was usually apples pulling toward her temples. The most popular color was light pink.
Women with rounder face shapes began to make the facial contour with rouge, applying it on the line below the cheekbone and temples.
Shadows - women began to match the shade with the dress color and the palette of shadows won several pastel shades. The shadow was applied across mobile eyelid.
In the evening shadows were the brightest.
Mask of eyelashes - masks emerged with new technology and how to apply was easier.
Eyelashes - were well defined.
Eyebrows - in the early, eyebrows were dark and strong, with pencil being used to fill and define the shape. The thickness varied from medium to coarse, but still arc-shaped.
The 60's, as well as the decades of 10 and 40, was marked by several events that have become historical.
In 1961, the former Soviet Union made the first launch of a manned spacecraft. In 1962, Brazil is champion of soccer world cup in Chile, and of course it was very important !!! In 1963, US President John Kennedy was assassinated. In 1968, it takes place the revolt of students in Paris, with the slogan: "Est interdit d'interdire". And in 1969 the first man landed on the moon.
REVOLT OF STUDENTS, OF 68
In the context of such diverse events, but equally important, the "baby boom generation" (name given to babies born in Britain, France and the USA in 1946) now young, begin to influence the culture and fashion of the decade.
The voice of youth is clearly noticeable in the lyrics of the British band "The Beatles".
At this time, two youth movements had great influence on people's behavior: The Mods that began in 1960 in Britain and spread to varying degrees, to other countries; and Hippies that began in the US in the mid-60s, and spreads around the world.
In the 60s, Europe, especially London and Paris takes its role as radiating center of fashion and behavior, which in recent decades was being played by Hollywood.
However, the actress Brigitte Bardot, Sophia Loren and Elizabeth Taylor, which premiered this decade Cleopatra film, very influenced fashion and behavior.
Brigitte Bardot sophia loren
The former actress Gracy Kelly, this time already Princess of Monaco, also influenced the fashion and behavior of the time.
The specialized publications of the time, also very influenced in fashion and makeup.
Women's fashion saw the emergence of mini skirts and straight and short dresses.
There were various hairstyles in the 60s As the beehive style beginning of the decade, very used by actress Brigitti Bardot, and very short style popularized by Twiggy (first big top model of the world) and actress Mia Farr. The pillbox hat was fashionable, and worn by Jacqueline Kennedy.
Brigitti Bardot Twiggy
The pillbox hat, Jacqueline Kennedy
Male fashion Mods incorporated a dose of sophistication, which included tailored suits with narrow lapels, skinny ties, collar scroll button, woolen jackets or cashmere.
Many of female mods incorporated an androgen style with short haircuts, men's trousers or shirts, flat shoes and little makeup.
The fashion of the hippy clothing gained momentum after the summer of 67, called "Summer of Love". The style characterized long skirts, loose gowns with esoteric prints or embroidery, jeans bell mouth, loose knit tops, necklaces and bracelets with native reasons Americans and Africans. Sandal was the footwear of choice for men and women. Hair loose long been the most widely used.
As in the previous decade, the cosmetics company continued to grow.
Max Factor had been at the forefront of innovation makeup for several decades and continued to lead at this time, with its products becoming very popular.
Maybelline, Revlon, Elizabeth Arden, Helena Rubinstein, Ester Lauder and Yardley were also popular brands.
1960 - Max Factor Sheer Genius launches makeup in 10 matt colors. It's kind of creamy foundation with matte finish, for women who did not shine.
1961 - Revlon launches the first liquid matte shade and shade of eyelashes with brush.
1962 - Max Factor Jr. launches an eye kit, composed of creamy shadow, powder, liquid shadow, eyebrow pencil, eyelash mask in pasty and creamy consistency, and mascara tube with wand.
1 - style creamy shade lipstick in pastel shades in blue, green, purple and silver;
2 - powder shadow in the same color of creamy shade;
3 - liquid shadow with a brush, in black, brown, golden, silver, green, purple and blue;
4 - eyeliner and eyebrow in black, brown, green, brown, blue and gray;
5 - mask cake, cake folder in black and brown colors;
6 - mask cream in black and brown colors;
7 - mask tube with wand in black and brown
- Revlon - seeking to anticipate the launch of Cleopatra film, she makes a new reading vamp style created by Max Factor in the late 10th to the first version of the film. Thus, launches a collection with Egyptian theme that included: a pink sphinx lipstick, a pink enamel to match the lipstick and a trio of shadows with applicator brush, called Sphinx eyes.
- Maybelline launches kit false eyelashes.;
1963 - Maybelline launches product line to the eye with the slogan, all you need to do look cute. Consisting of: mask tube with wand, mask folder cake, cream mask with brush, eyeliner and pencil in one product, shaped shadow lipstick, liquid shadow, eyebrow pencil, eyelash curler, eyebrow brush and tweezers.
- Max Factor Jr. launches online Brave New Pastels, consisting of lipstick, retractable pen lipstick and nail polish. Available in pastel shades in pink, coral and peach.
1965 - Max Factor launches three dimensional shadow in pastel tones and black eyeliner with a brush.
1966 - Max factor launches shadows in cream and ultralucent fluid makeup - Ultra Liquid Illuminator
-Yardley launches lShiny Slicker Lipsticks
1967 – Yardley launches kit makeup face, composed of base finisher compact, lipstick trio and trio shadow.
- Revlon launches New face gleamer- creamy illuminator rod-shaped
- Max Factor Jr. Lança New shiny eye-liner only
1969 - Helena Rubinstein launches mask long lash
- Max Factor Jr. launches shiny eye-liner in blue color
CHARACTERISTICS OF MAKEUP
Lipstick - was applied following the natural contour The colors were softer like pink or coral.
Foundation - it was the same shade of skin or a lighter shade to give and youthful appearance. The liquid base was preferred.
Concealer - younger women did not wear the most matures and used before the base.
Powder - if He wore powder-compact or loose finisher and preferably in pink color.
Blush - was applied in a milder form in the center of apples and pulling up toward the temples.
Illuminators - were applied to highlight the cheekbone cheeks and temples. The texture was creamy rod-shaped or liquid. The colors were pink and beige and shades ranging from light to dark.
Eyebrows - were well marked with eyeliner and the thickness ranged from medium to coarse.
Shadow - the eye was the big star of the makeup in this decade. The mobile eyelid was covered with matte shade, the colors of the shadows were white, green blue, silver, gray and lilac. Who had green eyes or blue shade used in the same eye color.
Eyeliner - was made a thick line close to the line of the upper eyelashes. The most used colors were black and blue.
Eyelashes - the mask was used, but in a mild form, so that the eyelashes stay stretched and separated. The lower lashes were outlined with pencil. False eyelashes were very used, they were made from natural hair and synthetic hair Sables and some had rhinestones and glitter.
The Egyptian eye style of Cleopatra was widely used.